– led by Lieutenant Poirier, March 12, 1954: – other French units landed at Dien Bien Phu, – between them, units from the Foreign Legion – then most important and strategic place for the Viet Minh – Clashes near Isabelle – he would take command of the Central Sector, March 20-22, 1954: – the valley had to serve as their forward operating base Main image sources: – two French companies were sent to support the strongpoint A conflict between Communist Viet Minh forces and a French-established garrison, it occurred in a town called Seat of the Border County Prefecture or, in Vietnamese, Dien Bien Phu. – about 30 of them would be killed Muong Thanh. Communist Viet Minh soldiers raise their flag over the French fortress of Dien Bien Phu. Fall is an account of one of the most significant battles to take place in Vietnam. – composed of two defensive positions Despite financial assistance from the United States, nationalist uprisings against French colonial rule began to take their toll. Nevertheless, the French garrison attracted the Viet Minh. – April 17, a decision to evacuate the strongpoint, April 6, 1954: – 1er BEP legionnaires + a French airborne battalion were involved in – the severe battle took all the night – Langlais became the unofficial commander of Dien Bien Phu – the company reinforced Eliane 2, to replace the 13e DBLE legionnaires – shortly afterwards, at 03.00 PM (15:00) of May 7, the Moroccans surrendered – the intense Viet Minh shelling took several hours – the 56-day battle was over, – End of Isabelle – Battle of Huguette 1 – it was surrounded by a web of Viet Minh trenches – last reinforcements – scared by a possible Viet Minh attack, they refused to fight 1976 Djibouti helicopter crash – located between Eliane 4 and the Nam Youm river – another 14 of his men were wounded, April 10, 1954: – Eliane 4 – about 350 Viet Minh men were killed – his deputy, Captain Pardi, was also killed – the 2e CMMLE survivors would join their company at Anne-Marie The battle started on March 13, 1954 and was over 56 days later, on May 7. – at 06.45 PM (18:45), the Viet Minh launched an assault – the division attacking in the east of the camp became paralyzed In 1954, it was 9 years ago that WWII had come to an end, and the Korean conflict had just ended in 1953. – the severe battle took 36 hours without interruption Erwan Bergot: Dien Bien Phu (Presses de la Cité, 1989) The Reader’s Companion to Military History. – held by 1st Battalion, 13e DBLE legionnaires, – at 06.30 PM (18:30), last legionnaires would lay down their rifles This page is updated regularly. – for the French, a successful defensive action – the rest of them were killed or imprisoned (just as Ltn Clerget) – one of the defensive positions based near the camp’s HQ – they suffered heavy casualties (80% of their strength) – composed of five defensive positions Fall: Hell in a Very Small Place – The Siege of Dien Bien Phu. The result of the battle culminated in the French withdrawal from Southeast Asia, after almost 100 years. In the 1980s, a small French War Memorial was built in the Dien Bien Phu valley. – Eliane 1 was seized by the Viet Minh, – Loss of Dominique 3 – that day, the main airstrip/runway was cut in two – accompanied by persistent heavy shelling – placed at Claudine (a defensive position near the French HQ) – a French cavalry officer – at least 45,000 men on the hills around the valley – the commander of French artillery at Dien Bien Phu – Evacuation of Huguette 6 – the new weapon was destroying the strongpoints, – Attack on Eliane 2 – April 19, replaced by a 13e DBLE company (Captain Chevallier) – held by Moroccans + Tai auxiliaries from BT2 (Major Chenel) – all of the three companies were annihilated FSALE (in French) Unfortunately, Rolf Rodel didn’t live to see it. – within May 8-9, two thirds of the groups would be killed or imprisoned – Eliane 1 + Eliane 2 (Eliane 4 wasn’t affected eventually) – a French decision to seize Dien Bien Phu – in the afternoon, the Viet Minh launched their first offensive – 5e BPVN, composed of local anti-communist auxiliaries – resisting since the Battle of Five Hills in late March – a new strongpoint of the Eliane defensive position – also two BMEP companies (some 150 men together) – two days later, the company would be replaced by a 5e BPVN company, April 6-18, 1954: – they were disarmed and imprisoned as deserters inside the camp – supported by another 1er BEP company, led by Lieutenant Fournier – French Minister of Defence at Dien Bien Phu After French forces occupied the Dien Bien Phu valley in late 1953, Viet Minh commander Vo Nguyen Giap amassed troops and placed heavy artillery in caves of the mountains overlooking the French camp. – then the Viet Minh launched a massive infantry assault, – a platoon of 2e CMMLE supported the 13e DBLE by mortar fire, – also a platoon of 1re CEPML supported the 3rd Battalion, 13e DBLE – Beatrice was seized by the Viet Minh, – 3rd Battalion, 13e DBLE suffered heavy casualties – named after a small town situated there – the French lost around 200 soldiers, including many legionnaires – the position was reinforced by a third company from 1er RCP – between the wounded, Lieutenant Martin from 1er BEP, April 19-22, 1954: – supported by M24 tanks – an artillery battery – 6 legionnaires were also killed + 20 legionnaires wounded, March 26, 1954: – they had to keep an open way between the camp and the defensive position – in the field, it was Major Bigeard (6e BPC) who led the paratroopers, – Artillery – legionnaires from 1st Battalion, 2e REI were also stationed there, March 14, 1954: – 380 men led by Major Liesenfelt More Majorum (German legionnaires in Indochina) – he and his men decided to “make Camerone” – aimed at the strongpoints Eliane 1 + Eliane 2 – Dominique 1 + Dominique 2 + Eliane 1 + Eliane 2 + Mont Fictif – Captain Chevallier was informed about his situation – between them, about 2,750 legionnaires (5 btns), – in fact, then French battalions had some 450-650 men – both units, significantly devastated, merged together – part of a French offensive against the Viet Minh – used for attacking Laos – conducted from two directions – at 01.30 AM (01:30) in the morning, the last message from Isabelle – Viet Minh was an independence movement – the only combat-ready survivors, they were called off – conducted from the north-west direction – there, they reinforced the 13e DBLE legionnaires, – during the night of May 3-4, a new reinforcement – a fierce battle occurred and the Viet Minh had to withdraw – Battle of Eliane 2 – Lieutenant De Stabenrath was badly wounded and died a week later, – Novak will be killed in Algeria in 1958 – strongpoints located alongside the Nam Youm river – supported by M24 Chaffee tanks – a French parachute battalion jumped over Dien Bien Phu – an entire regiment attacked the strongpoint Eliane 2 – aimed at Eliane 4, the last French hill – 2nd Company, 1er BPC, led by Captain Edme Not, as in 1954, to Viet-Minh attacks, but rather to the bulldozers of progress. – his men had been occupying the Eliane defensive position, – first, the hill was shelled by French artillery – conducted by two regiments, aimed at Huguette 6 Thanh Truong. – Recapture of Eliane 1 – reinforced by a 5e BPVN company (80 men, Captain Bizard) – Isabelle was seized by the Viet Minh, – in the meantime, the two groups were marching to the south – Lieutenant Colcy was killed, his platoon was annihilated – that evening, Lt Colonel Jules Gaucher was killed This article by the late Bernard B. – Lieutenant Lecocq + Lieutenant Bertrand + Lieutenant Raynaud were killed – Huguette 5, held by BMEP legionnaires (Lieutenant De Stabenrath) – when they asked for help, nobody would respond – waves of the Viet Minh were attacking the strongpoint – 2e BEP jumped over Dien Bien Phu – Captain Chevallier asked artillery to shell directly his strongpoint – Huguette 1 was seized by the Viet Minh, April 22, 1954: – another 1er BPC company jumped over Dien Bien Phu Viet Minh commander Vo Nguyen Giap,with considerable Chinese aide, massed troops and placed heavy artillery in caves in the mountains overlooking the French camp. – scared by a possible Viet Minh attack, they disappeared in the jungle In northwest Vietnam, Ho Chi Minh’s Viet Minh forces decisively defeat the French at Dien Bien Phu, a French stronghold besieged by the Vietnamese communists for 57 days. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu began in mid-March and ended in early May 1954. – he voluntarily jumped over Dien Bien Phu on March 19 – Sergeant Novak + 2 legionnaires – 10th Company, 3e REI (Captain Marzeau) would cover them by fire – French Union forces would regroup to the south of the line – Lieutenant Turcy would be killed, March 15, 1954: Un avion Douglas C-47 'Dakota' posé sur l'aérodrome de Diên Biên Phu au Viêt Nam dont la piste vient d'être réparée, le 20 novembre 1953. – also the largest airborne operation since WWII – only 3,290 men (including legionnaires) would survive the imprisonment. – the strongpoint would remain under French control until May 6, – this action confirmed then low morale of the eastern Viet Minh division Search by Map. – its HQ and strongpoints were destroyed – the negotiations resulted in the end of the Indochina war – the vast majority of them wouldn’t pass, however The defeat was a complete rout for the French. – held by legionnaires from the 2nd Company, 2e REI (Captain Schmitz) – some 100 1er BEP legionnaires supported the two French companies – right after its independence, attacked by the Viet Minh, – northwestern Vietnam is a wild, mountainous region – the heavy fighting took many hours It was near the Vietnam/Laos border. – also served as a rear base for the entire Eliane – in the early morning, a counter-attack – the defenders faced two Viet Minh battalions – the Viet Minh was everywhere – Isabelle – Eliane 11 and Eliane 12 were exposed – they held Huguette 1 for several days – also, large trenches were built by the Viet Minh – another French successful action in the east – a heavy mortar company – about 300 officers and legionnaires of the battalion were killed or imprisoned – in Indochina in the 1940’s, a conflict started between France and Ho Chi Minh Rolf Rodel returned to Vietnam two years later, in 1994. – located close to the border with Laos https://www.history.com/topics/france/battle-of-dien-bien-phu. – led by Captain Botella – the 1er BEP legionnaires fought fiercely – Foreign Legion Medium Repair Company – during the night of May 2-3, a new reinforcement – that evening, the northernmost defensive position was also shelled, – Fall of Beatrice The Battle of Dien Bien Phu was the decisive engagement in the first Indochina War (1946–54). Dien Bien Phu (DBP) plays a star role in Vietnam's modern history. – commanded by Colonel Piroth (later Lieutenant Colonel Robin). The leadership of the garrison absolutely failed, as well as the French leadership in Vietnam and France. – the battle of Dien Bien Phu would begin at 05.30 PM (17:30), – Viet Minh troops were led by General Vo Nguyen Giap – carried out by so-called Mobile Groups He rebuilt the memorial on his own, in eight days. – in 1946, as Major, he was badly wounded near Saigon – another two companies tried to attack Standing on the top of Hill A1 while listening to a tour-guide briefing about the 1954 campaign, ones may have a sense of attending the battlefield. – thousands of Viet Minh troops were wounded or missed – however, a Legion platoon was lost, April 12-17, 1954: – French positions at Dien Bien Phu were shelled at regular intervals, February 11-15, 1954: – 1er BEP legionnaires and 6e BPC paratroopers got involved it – that day, Tai auxiliaries left their strongpoint – Mont Fictif (Phoney Hill) was bordering Eliane 2, – the strongpoints of Dominique were occupied by an Algerian battalion – then a Viet Minh ground assault would follow – evacuation of wounded soldiers from Dien Bien Phu by air, – Lieutenant Colonel Maurice Lemeunier – Eliane 4 + Eliane 10 were seized by the Viet Minh, – Loss of Eliane 3 + Eliane 11 + Eliane 12 – also held by Moroccans De Slag bij Điện Biên Phủ was de laatste slag in de Vietnamese Onafhankelijkheidsoorlog.Hij duurde van 13 maart tot 7 mei 1954.Vietnam was tot dan toe een onderdeel van het Franse koloniale rijk.. – legionnaires from 3rd Battalion, 3e REI got involved in – a ceasefire was arranged – Huguette managed to fight off the attack, – however, the Viet Minh would continue in attacking them, March 31 – April 4, 1954: – Dominique 3 was seized by the Viet Minh, – Loss of Huguette 5 – later that night, it would be reinforced by 8e BPC paratroopers – the company was placed at Eliane 2 – the 13e DBLE company saw big troubles to reach the strogpoint – the southernmost French defensive position in the valley – new reinforcements – Eliane 2, held by two (or three) 13e DBLE companies (Major Coutant) Dien Bien Phu was a major battle of the first Indochina war in which the French fought against the Viet Minh communists. – the same day as the fall of Gabrielle All Rights Reserved. – held by the 5e BPVN Vietnamese + paratroopers from 1er RCP – led by Lieutenant Bergot and placed between Eliane 2 and Eliane 4 – thereafter, to defeat the Viet Minh, November 20 – 22, 1953: – occupied by a 2e REI company (Lieutenant Spozio) – conducted from two directions, again 380000. – to supply the strogpoint, it’s necessary to fight fiercely – an attack on Viet Minh positions near Huguette 6 – later, also a small Liliane 3, April 9-10, 1954: The battle, which saw an early use of the deadly longbow by the English, ...read more. – he didn’t want to see other legionnaires to risk their lives for him, April 24, 1954: It is situated in the highlands of Northwest Vietnam, about 420 kilometres from Hanoi. – the evacuation was caused by the loss of Huguette 1 – also thousands of logistics personnel – the attack began at 05.00 PM (17:00) with artillery shelling – today, the place is called Muong Thanh Valley French Foreign Legion information. – in September 1945, Ho Chi Minh declared independence from France for Vietnam – the northernmost defensive position was lost – April 22, his radio went silent – a large attack on the eastern part of the camp Dien Bien Phu was a town in northwest Vietnam with an isolated air base built and used by the Japanese in World War Two. – volunteers from other units were supporting them – their combat-ready battalions launched several unsuccessful counter-attacks – the largest airborne operation of the First Indochina War – in the evening, a direct Viet Minh assault – probably the most important strongpoint – the attack was conducted by 1er BEP legionnaires – it resulted in a serious lack of drinking water – only three units remained at Dien Bien Phu in January 1954 – at 10.00 PM (22:00), the Viet Minh launched an assault – Huguette 4 was seized by the Viet Minh, May 5-6, 1954: – they moved to Eliane 3 – it was composed of two small outposts – they were facing hundreds of Viet Minhs – the platoon would assemble ten M24 Chaffee light tanks – Foreign Legion Armored Vehicle Repair Company – later, these men would reinforce Huguette – they wanted to maintain an open way with the French HQ Dien Bien Phu: the battle that split Vietnam Save 50% on a BBC History Magazine or BBC History Revealed subscription France’s catastrophic defeat at Dien Bien Phu in northwest Vietnam in May 1954 ended its hopes of maintaining any influence in Indochina and set the stage for … Strong points Gabrielle and Anne-Marie were overrun during the next two days, which denied the French use of the airfield, the key to the French defense. ECPAD 30 The 1950's. – the last evacuation of wounded soldiers from Dien Bien Phu – composed of one defensive position – a platoon of the 1re CMMLE was stationed at Dominique 1 – led by Captain Tréhiou, – during the night of May 5-6, the last reinforcement – April 26 – July 20, 1954 in Geneva, Switzerland Epee Edition, Kehl am Rhein 2014, ISBN 978-3-943288-26-1. – clashes with the Viet Minh – conducted from north-east and north – the defenders faced a Viet Minh regiment, – at the same time, an assault aimed at Eliane 10 – the French paratroopers repulsed the attack – in the east, an attack on five hills – French strogholds at Dien Bien Phu in March 1954: March 13, 1954: 1978 Battle of Kolwezi Isabelle) – over 20,000 Viet Minh troops are estimated to be lost – Major Chenel, a former Legion officer The valley had to serve as a French forward operating base to conduct operations in the region. – 1st Battalion, 2e REI (Foreign Infantry), led by Major Clémencon 380000. – the survivors would be stationed at Opéra, – a day earlier, a failed attempt to help to evacuate Huguette 6 – to supply the besieged French troops, it’s necessary to fight fiercely Intro. – in the evening, a severe Viet Minh attack – it also protected the access to the two newer strongpoints – a severe assault carried out by a Viet Minh division – Viet Minh’s Second Offensive – in the north, shelling aimed at Gabrielle (a false attack) – at 05.40 PM (17:40), a Viet Minh red flag was raised over the camp The epic hilltop Victory Monument, commemorating the 1954 battles, presides heroically over Dien Bien Phu's main road. – Eliane 1 was successfully recaptured by the French, – to maintain the strongpoint, other units were replacing their comrades – BMEP would be placed at the strongpoints Huguette 4 and Huguette 5, – Evacuation of Opéra Directed by Pierre Schoendoerffer. The Battle of Dien Bien Phu is seen as the decisive battle of the First Indochina War between French troops and the Viet Minh (League for the Independence of Vietnam), a nationalist, pro-Soviet Union movement of Ho Chi Minh. – it was surrounded by a web of Viet Minh trenches – composed of all airborne units (excl. – however, the Viet Minh had already cut off the road – after Lt Col Gabriel Brunet de Sairigné, killed in March 1948, – the place of his death is mentioned as Gabrielle – east of the airstrip – Anne-Marie + Gabrielle – they became Huguette 6 + Huguette 7, – new reinforcements – Captain Chevallier and his 80 legionnaires fought bravely – 3rd Battalion, 13e DBLE, led by Major Pégot, – a platoon of the 2e CREBLE, led by Lieutenant Bugeat – Laos – a former member of French Indochina Four times wounded during the decisive battle and imprisoned by the Viet Minh, this German legionnaire returned to the site to refresh his memories. – having faced an entire regiment, they managed to defend the strongpoint – he ordered the garrison to form two marching groups – held by 1st Battalion, 2e REI legionnaires – thereafter, a 2e BEP company (Captain Delafond, killed) – Provisional Foreign Parachute Battalion – Siege of Huguette 6 Dien Bien Phu was founded in 1841when the Nguyen Dynasty wanted a fortified royal district as a response to the growing problem of banditry in the area. – April 14, Lieutenant Rastouil was killed – about 50 legionnaires were wounded, March 31, 1954: – 2e CMMLE left alone on Anne-Marie – at 02.00 AM (02:00), May 7, the strongpoint was overrun – east + north-west – it informed the French officials that the strongpoint was attacked But when the French forces found themselves caught in a death struggle with Communist forces at a northern outpost called Dien Bien Phu in the spring of 1954, Eisenhower faced a terrible dilemma. Visit top-rated & … – Viet Minh suffered 20 men killed – Major Liesenfelt would be removed from command, – Lieutenant Jean Garin, wounded at the airstrip, killed himself – a French offensive to recapture Eliane 1 – Eliane 4 + Eliane 10 were repulsing all attacks – led by Lieutenant Paul Turcy – between them, many legionnaires, – more than 11,700 French troops were missed or imprisoned – France had roughly 6,500 infantry troops at Dien Bien Phu – thereafter, two 6e BPC companies launched an assault – the fifth was located across the river, near an airstrip Many USAF surplus C-47’s war veterans were flown over from Korea to the next Communist threat in the Cold War, Vietnam. – a 1er RCP company + a 1er BEP company (Lieutenant Martin) – held by an Algerian battalion – the platoon would maintain the vehicles and tanks used in the valley Thanh Minh. – the Viet Minh isolated the strongpoint from support Boosted by Chinese aid, Giap mounted assaults on the opposition’s strong points beginning in March 1954, eliminating use of the French airfield. – around 100 men, led by Lieutenant Rastouil – also that day, Lt Colonel Piroth killed himself – the prisoners spent several months in the Viet Minh POW camps Archives: Dien Bien Phu Battle In Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam In May, 1954-The Him Lam command post at the hands of the Vietminh. – a large attack conducted by two Viet Minh divisions – reinforced by a 5e BPVN company – Eliane 1, held by two 1er RCP companies – his men surprised approaching Viet Minh groups – at 11.00 PM (23:00), the radio went silent – in the afternoon, a new reinforcement – two legionnaires had already died when trying to save their leader – northern sector + central sector + southern sector, – several independent defensive positions were set up in these sectors – 2e REI legionnaires (about 100 men) led by Lieutenant Spozio – the Viet Minh officially took control of North Vietnam Despite their plans, the French were attacked and suffered a defeat. – only a few of small groups or individuals would survive in the jungle, – French troops – ex-Anne-Marie 3, placed at the end of the airstrip 380000. – a Soviet Union multiple rocket launcher – at noon, the Viet Minh started to use Katyusha – supported by the survivors from the 3rd Battalion, 13e DBLE In December 1953 the French army occupying Vietnam challenged the elusive Vietnamese army to engage in a decisive battle. – these heavy losses significantly demoralized the Viet Minh The shock and agony of the dramatic loss of a garrison of around fourteen thousand men allowed French prime minister Pierre Mendès France to muster enough parliamentary support to sign the Geneva Accords of July 1954, which essentially ended the French presence in Indochina. The entrenched ‘air-land’ camp of Dien Bien Phu was established by parachute drop in November 1953. – Clashes with the Viet Minh near Isabelle – officially, the French didn’t surrender. 1982 Mont Garbi Accident, The page was updated on: February 11, 2019. Viet Minh forces overran the base in early May, prompting the French government to seek an end to the fighting with the signing of the Geneva Accords of 1954. – the battle lasted 107 hours without interruption – the battle finished at 10.00 AM (10:00) in the morning Dien Bien Phu (Điện Biên Phủ) is a small town in northwestern Vietnam.. – four of them placed inside a natural meandr of the Nam Youm river – numerous Viet Minh transit & supply roads crossed the region It included two crucial battles, fought eighteen days apart, and was a decisive victory for the Continental Army and a crucial turning point in the Revolutionary ...read more, The Battle of Stalingrad was a brutal military campaign between Russian forces and those of Nazi Germany and the Axis powers during World War II. – this defensive position was held by the 1st Battalion, 13e DBLE – French aircrafts were repeatedly coming under fire When French paratroopers landed in the jungle on the border between Vietnam and Laos, the Vietnamese quickly isolated the French force and confronted them at their jungle base in a small place called Dien Bien Phu. – Major Maurice Giraud took command – Lieutenant De Stabenrath + Captain Brandon (ex-1er BEP) – the Anne-Marie defensive position was abolished – a holiday for legionnaires – ran out of ammunition, the last survivors were called off – legionnaires from 1er BEP got involved in – both were ex-Anne-Marie strongpoints (3 + 4) Foreign Legion in the Balkans: 1915-1919 Subscribe for fascinating stories connecting the past to the present. – heavy clashes with the Viet Minh – it would reinforce French troops, – Attack on Gabrielle artillery) John Kenneth Galbraith First Indochina War John Foster Dulles Rhythm And Blues Dien Bien Phu. – clashes with the Viet Minh near Huguette 4 – it was lost on March 30, during the Battle of Five Hills – HQ of the 13e DBLE (Lieutenant Colonel Gaucher) – 1er BEP, 1re CEPML and 8e BPC, January 12, 1954: – they would march several miles along the river – Eliane 1 was quickly abandoned by Moroccans – the Viet Minh was surprised and withdrew, – April 5, in the early morning, a new Viet Minh attack

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