Based on the 2010 census results the population is over 4.8 million. [63][64] For the first half of 2007, the birth rate was 9.1 per 1000[65] and remained lower than the death rate (until 2012[66]); people over 65 constitute more than twenty percent of the population; and the median age is about 40 years. The Registered Agent on file for this company is Sobkiw Walter and is located at 1700 Tanglewood Dr Ne, St Petersburg, FL 33702. All of them deserve attention, be it for their art collections or exquisite interiors. In 1740s Mikhail Lomonosov uses a derivative of Greek: Πετρόπολις (Petropolis; Петрополис, Petropolis) in a Russified form Petropol' (Петрополь). Prominent settlers name them after themselves. As of 2018, the Saint Petersburg Metro will include new stations: Prospekt Slavy, Dunayskaya, Shushary, Begovaya, and Novokrestovskaya, the latter built specifically to offer convenient access to the stadium during the 2018 FIFA World Cup games and games played by FC Zenit.[112]. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. The 1948 general plan for Leningrad featured radial urban development in the north as well as in the south. Meanwhile, economic conditions started to deteriorate as the country tried to adapt to major changes. The Beer Capital This name appeared in the 90-ies of XX century, since St. Petersburg is a host to the headquarters of the beer concern “Baltika”. Due to the intricate web of canals, Saint Petersburg is often called Venice of the North. His second term expired in 2004; the long-awaited restoration of the broken subway connection was expected to finish by that time. Учебный театр «На Моховой», Leteiny Theatre and Youth Theatre on the Fontanka. These trees were presented to Saint Petersburg by non-commercial and educational organizations of the city, its sister-cities, city of Helsinki, heads of other regions of Russia, German Savings Bank and other people and organizations. ", "Jean-Baptiste Le Blond, architect in St. Petersburg, Russia", "The common characteristic of Saint-Petersburg", "Ленинградская область в целом: Административно-территориальное деление Ленинградской области", "The Russian historian giving Stalin's victims back their identity", "Russian Photos Trace Images of Mortality and Memory", "CАНКТ ПЕТЕРБУРГ ВАЛОВОЙ РЕГИОНАЛЬНЫЙ ПРОДУКТ в 1998–2003 гг", "Newsline - June 14, 1996 Yeltsin Signs More Power-Sharing Agreements", "The Rise and Fall of Power-Sharing Treaties Between Center and Regions in Post-Soviet Russia", "Will Saint Petersburg share the same fate as Moscow? "В первом полугодии продолжалось умеренное повышение числа рождений", Основные показатели социально-демографической ситуации в Санкт-Петербурге, "Пандемия COVID-19 привела к падению рождаемости в Петербурге", "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia", "The Constitution of the Russian federation", "Russian source: Charter of Saint Petersburg City", "Федеральный закон от 02.05.2012 N 40-ФЗ "О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об общих принципах организации законодательных (представительных) и исполнительных органов государственной власти субъектов Российской Федерации" и Федеральный закон "Об основных гарантиях избирательных прав и права на участие в референдуме граждан Российской Федерации, "Закон Санкт-Петербурга от 26.06.2012 N 339-59", "Official website of the Northwestern Federal District (Russian)", "О территориальном устройстве Санкт-Петербурга", "ЗАО "Терра-Нова" | Крупнейший в Европе проект по образованию и комплексному развитию территории в западной части Васильевского острова Санкт-Петербурга", Russian Standard Vodka Ranked 4th Fastest Growing Premium Spirits Brand Worldwide, "Budget of Saint Petersburg (Russian document)", "Валовой региональный продукт по субъектам Российской Федерации в 1998–2016гг. The third emperor's assassination took place in Saint Petersburg in 1881 when Alexander II fell victim to terrorists (see the Church of the Savior on Blood). St. Petersburg has played a vital role in Russian history since its founding in 1703. Saint Petersburg is about 165 km (103 miles) from the border with Finland, connected to it via the M10 highway. To make it easier, we’ve made a guide to St Petersburg… But four years later, in 1732, under Empress Anna of Russia, Saint Petersburg was again designated as the capital of the Russian Empire. In 2006 the city legislature re-approved Matviyenko as governor. Saint Petersburg is also home to the oldest and largest Russian foundry, Monumentskulptura, which made thousands of sculptures and statues that now grace public parks of Saint Petersburg, as well as many other cities. The very first name of the city was Saint Petersburg, then after first World War it was changed into Petrograd, after Revolution it became Leningrad and just after the collapse of Soviet Union the first name came back. The authorities have recently been compelled to transfer the ownership of state-owned private residences in the city centre to private lessors. Second is St. Petersburg’s lack of an unequivocal city centre, which, in other Russian cities of medieval origin, is defined by a kremlin and its surrounding area. Pop. Some of them were turned into museums,[33] including the cruiser Aurora—a symbol of the October Revolution and the oldest ship in the Russian Navy. Contemporary Petersburg ballet is made up not only of traditional Russian classical school, but also ballets by those like Boris Eifman, who expanded the scope of strict classical Russian ballet to almost unimaginable limits. Onegin (1999) is based on the Pushkin poem and showcases many tourist attractions. On 26 January 1924, five days after Lenin's death, Petrograd was renamed Leningrad. Saint Petersburg has a large brewery and distillery industry. – in English: Leningrad Chronicles: from the postwar fifties to the "wild nineties", Education (primary, secondary, and tertiary), Institutional seats of the European Union, Separate Guards brigade of marines of the Baltic fleet, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Saint_Petersburg&oldid=995012950, Articles containing Russian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from November 2019, Articles with dead external links from June 2019, Articles with Russian-language sources (ru), Articles with dead external links from November 2012, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2018, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from April 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from September 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with failed verification from January 2016, Articles with failed verification from September 2017, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 229 religious buildings in the city are owned or run by religious associations. The first settler being Calvin Swain. Marriott St. Petersburg Clearwater features a 37-inch flat-screen TV and a work desk in every guest room. He wrote the symphony while based in the city during the siege of Leningrad. During the ensuing Civil War, in 1919 general Yudenich advancing from Estonia repeated the attempt to capture the city, but Leon Trotsky mobilized the army and forced him to retreat. Petropol Name found in poetry. On the southern side of the gulf, the metropolitan limits extend westward to include Peterhof and Lomonosov. & Alexander Orloff. These services are branded as "Allegro" trains. Saint Petersburg has an extensive city-funded network of public transport (buses, trams, trolleybuses) and several hundred routes served by marshrutkas. The city is often referred to by locals as St. Pete. Baroque architecture became dominant in the city during the first sixty years, culminating in the Elizabethan Baroque, represented most notably by Italian Bartolomeo Rastrelli with such buildings as the Winter Palace. [73] The superior executive body is the Saint Petersburg City Administration, led by the city governor (mayor before 1996). Solemn descriptive names like "the city of three revolutions" and "the cradle of the October revolution" used in Soviet-era are reminders of the pivotal events in national history that occurred here. Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петерб́ург Sankt-Peterburg;) is a world-class destination and Russia's second largest city, with a population of more than 5 million perched at the eastern tip of of the Baltic Sea and the Neva River.. 16 May] 1703,[25] closer to the estuary 5 km (3 mi) inland from the gulf),[clarification needed] on Zayachy (Hare) Island, he laid down the Peter and Paul Fortress, which became the first brick and stone building of the new city. Among the city's more than fifty theatres is the Mariinsky Theatre (formerly known as the Kirov Theatre), home to the Mariinsky Ballet company and opera. Petersburg." International cruise liners have been served at the passenger port at Morskoy Vokzal on the south-west of Vasilyevsky Island. Saint Petersburg is home to the Hermitage, one of the largest art museums in the world, the Lakhta Center, the tallest skyscraper in Europe, and was one of the host cities of the 2018 FIFA World Cup. A law acknowledging the honorary title of "Hero City" passed on 8 May 1965 (the 20th anniversary of the victory in the Great Patriotic War), during the Brezhnev era. Results can be tranquil and subtle or bold and dynamic. In 2007 this brand was exported to over 70 countries.[81]. Air humidity is 78% on average, and there are, on average, 165 overcast days per year. [91], Saint Petersburg has a significant historical and cultural heritage.[92][93][94][95][96][97][98]. Moreover, the bridges and natural canals of the river have earned St. Petersburg the nickname “Venice of the North.” Because of St. Petersburg’s northerly location, the city enjoys the “White Nights,” from June 11 to July 2, when daylight extends to nearly 19 hours—another of St. Petersburg’s most acclaimed characteristics. Among the believers, the overwhelming majority of the residents of the city are Orthodox (57.5%), followed by small minority communities of Muslims (0.7%), Protestants (0.6%), and Catholics (0.5%), and Buddhists (0.1%). [44] This agreement was abolished on 4 April 2002.[45]. Saint Petersburg is known as the "Cultural Capital of Russia",[13] and received over 15 million tourists in 2018,[14][15] and is considered an important economic, scientific, cultural, and tourism centre of Russia and Europe. The budget deficit amounted to about 42 billion rubles. Her age is 47. 2003. Other movies include GoldenEye (1995), Midnight in Saint Petersburg (1996), Brother (1997) and Tamil romantic thriller film-Dhaam Dhoom (2008). The former St. Petersburg apartment of Rimsky-Korsakov has been faithfully preserved as the composer's only museum. This name was given to the city by the Russian writer Daniil Granin and it reflected a sharp drop in the status of St. Petersburg in the Soviet period. Weather conditions are quite variable all year round.[50][51]. As a result, the steadily increasing passenger traffic has triggered a massive modernization of the entire airport infrastructure. [citation needed]. St. Petersburg:Architecture of the Tsars. Vibrant saturated colours bound in gum arabic can be thinned with water. The first jazz club in the Soviet Union was founded here in the 1950s and was later named jazz club Kvadrat. Nevsky Prospekt crosses the Moika (Green Bridge), Griboyedov Canal (Kazansky Bridge), Garden Street, the Fontanka (Anichkov Bridge), meets Liteyny Prospekt and proceeds to Uprising Square near the Moskovsky railway station, where it meets Ligovsky Prospekt and turns to the Alexander Nevsky Lavra. In 2008, the World Monuments Fundinclude… Today, in English the city is known as "Saint Petersburg". Three distinctive characteristics of St. Petersburg engage attention. Between 1918 and the 1990s, the Soviets nationalised housing and forced residents to share communal apartments (kommunalkas). The city's many local distilleries produce a broad range of vodka brands. Its historic district was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1990. In addition, students may not use the USF St. Petersburg campus logo on personal business cards. From 2.4 million residents in 1916, its population dropped to less than 740,000 by 1920 during the Russian Revolution of 1917 and Russian Civil War. The average maximum temperature in July is 23 °C (73 °F), and the average minimum temperature in February is −8.5 °C (16.7 °F); an extreme temperature of 37.1 °C (98.8 °F) occurred during the 2010 Northern Hemisphere summer heat wave. Some upper-class St. Petersburg residents also have summer cottages, or dachas, in this area. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Since around the end of the 20th century a great deal of active building and restoration works have been carried out in a number of the city's older districts. The climate of Saint Petersburg is close to that of Helsinki, although colder in winter and warmer in summer because of its more eastern location. ", "Photos of the violations of the historical environment of Saint Petersburg", "Climate St. Peterburg – Historical weather records", "Архив погоды в Санкт-Петербурге, Санкт-Петербург", "Leningrad/Pulkovo Climate Normals 1961–1990", "31 August 1914 St.Petersburg renamed to Petrograd", "St Petersburg, the 'Venice of the North', gets its own fleet of gondolas", "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. The ethnicity of the remaining 13.4% of the inhabitants was not specified. The art of famous and prominent Saint Petersburg dancers like Rudolf Nureyev, Natalia Makarova, Mikhail Baryshnikov was, and is, admired throughout the world. (2010) 4,879,566; (2012 est.) The skyscraper was completed in 2019, and at 462.5 metres, it is currently the tallest in Russia and Europe. In the south Saint Petersburg crosses the Baltic-Ladoga Klint and meets the Izhora Plateau. Specialties: Let us plan and host your next event. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. ALTER G Anti-Gravity Treadmills™ are being used by NASA and Pro Sports Teams and there now available for you in St Petersburg FL. The renovated terminal Pulkovo-1 has been opened for domestic flights as an extension of the Terminal 1 in 2015. A proponent of westernising Russia, Peter the Great, who established the city, originally named it Sankt-Pieter-Burch (Сан(к)т-Питер-Бурхъ) in Dutch manner and later its spelling was standardised as Sankt-Peterburg (Санкт-Петербургъ[a]) under German influence. The city was formerly known as Petrograd (Петрогр́ад), and later Leningrad (Ленингр́ад). A sharp spike in the crime level occurred in the late 1980s/early 1990s as a result of the Perestroika-time turmoils (redistribution of property, privatization, decline of living standards, decrease of the effectiveness of militsiya, etc.) The shipping company St Peter Line operates two ferries that sail from Helsinki to St Petersburg and from Stockholm to St Petersburg.[116]. The third characteristic feature of the city is its many waterways. Instead, the … The city is the final destination for a web of intercity and suburban railways, served by five different railway terminals (Baltiysky, Finlyandsky, Ladozhsky, Moskovsky and Vitebsky),[c][117] as well as dozens of non-terminal railway stations within the federal subject. Some evacuees returned after the siege, but most influx was due to migration from other parts of the Soviet Union. By the 1930s, 68% of the population lived in such housing. [9] It is the fourth-most populous city in Europe, the most-populous city on the Baltic Sea, as well as the world's northernmost city with over 1 million residents. [111] Metro stations are often elaborately decorated with materials such as marble and bronze. To prevent floods, the Saint Petersburg Dam has been constructed.[48]. 1 May] 1703, during the Great Northern War, Peter the Great captured Nyenskans and soon replaced the fortress. Several historic sports arenas were built for equestrianism since the 18th century, to maintain training all year round, such as the Zimny Stadion and Konnogvardeisky Manezh, among others. Snow cover lasts on the average about 132 days. [49] The frost-free period in the city lasts on average for about 135 days. Her poem Requiem adumbrates the perils encountered during the Stalinist era. The embankments and bridges are separated from rivers and canals by granite or cast iron parapets. [122], After the assassinations of City Property Committee chairman and vice-Governor Mikhail Manevich (1997), State Duma deputy Galina Starovoytova (1998), acting City Legislature Speaker Viktor Novosyolov (1999) and a number of prominent businesspeople, Saint Petersburg was dubbed Capital of Crime in the Russian press. However, Saint Petersburg soon started to be built out according to a plan. Each night during the White Nights, the bridges spanning the Neva are raised to let boat traffic through. Leningrad hosted part of the association football tournament during the 1980 Summer Olympics. The St. Petersburg City Clerk is responsible for administering the Registry. Том 1", "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров", "Естественное движение населения в разрезе субъектов Российской Федерации", "Каталог публикаций::Федеральная служба государственной статистики". [79] The new port is part of the city's "Marine Facade" development project[80] and is due to have seven berths in operation by 2010. The northernmost metropolis in the world, St. Petersburg is often called the Venice of the North or Russian Venice due to its many water corridors, as the city is built on swamp and water. Any altering of the university’s name from USF St. Petersburg campus or University of South Florida St. Petersburg campus must be approved by Marketing and Communications. [100] In 1992, the 7th Symphony was performed by the 14 surviving orchestral players of the Leningrad premiere in the same hall as half a century before. It is a terminus of both the Volga-Baltic and White Sea-Baltic waterways. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The city also has a new basketball team, BC Zenit Saint Petersburg. The Capital Of Crime. [31] After that the city acquired a new descriptive name, "the city of three revolutions",[32] referring to the three major developments in the political history of Russia of the early 20th century. The names of Saints Peter and Paul, bestowed upon original city's citadel and its cathedral (from 1725—a burial vault of Russian emperors) coincidentally were the names of the first two assassinated Russian Emperors, Peter III (1762, supposedly killed in a conspiracy led by his wife, Catherine the Great) and Paul I (1801, Nikolay Alexandrovich Zubov and other conspirators who brought to power Alexander I, the son of their victim). In 1953 Pavlovsky District in Leningrad Oblast was abolished, and parts of its territory, including Pavlovsk, merged with Leningrad. The city is remembered as the scene of the February (March, New Style) and October (November, New Style) Revolutions of 1917 and for its fierce defense while besieged during World War II. Every year the city hosts around 100 festivals and various competitions of art and culture, including more than 50 international ones. In the time of the World War I Nicolas II decided to change the German name “Petersburg” to “Petrograd”. On 7 November [O.S. [18][19][20] Another nickname of St. Petersburg is The City of White Nights because of a natural phenomenon which arises due to the closeness to the polar region and ensures that in summer the nights of the city do not get completely dark for a month.[21][22]. A combo Piterpol (Питерпол) also appears at this time. The school alumni have included such notable composers as Pyotr Tchaikovsky, Sergei Prokofiev, Artur Kapp, Rudolf Tobias and Dmitri Shostakovich, who taught at the conservatory during the 1960s, bringing it additional fame. Ie Swainsville, MI, USA. The city has over 230 places associated with the life and activities of Lenin. The Saint Petersburg Mosque, the largest mosque in Europe when opened in 1913, is on the right bank nearby. Another notable suburb is Kronstadt with its 19th-century fortifications and naval monuments, occupying the Kotlin Island in the Gulf of Finland. The city has 221 museums, 2000 libraries, more than 80 theatres, 100 concert organizations, 45 galleries and exhibition halls, 62 cinemas and around 80 other cultural establishments. To rebuild the damaged boroughs, a committee under Burkhard Christoph von Münnich commissioned a new plan in 1737. Regulations forbid construction of tall buildings in the city centre. St. Peter’s Basilica, also called New St. Peter’s Basilica, present basilica of St. Peter in Vatican City (an enclave in Rome), begun by Pope Julius II in 1506 and completed in 1615 under Paul V. It is designed as a three-aisled Latin cross with a dome at the crossing, directly above the high altar , which covers the shrine of St. Peter the Apostle . Furthermore, St. Petersburg has strongly Western European-inspired architecture and culture, which is combined with the city's Russian heritage. In 2008, the World Monuments Fund included the Saint Petersburg historic skyline on the watch list of the 100 most endangered sites due to the expected construction, which threatens to alter it drastically. The mitigating effect of the Atlantic Ocean provides St. Petersburg with a milder climate than might be expected for its far northern site. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? With all of the questions I felt this was not a true psychic experience. [69] Non-Abrahamic religions and other faiths are represented by only 1.2% of the total population. [85], Budget revenues of the city in 2009 amounted to 294.3 billion rubles (about 10.044 billion US$ at 2009 exchange rates), expenses – 336.3 billion rubles (about 11.477 billion US$ at 2009 exchange rates). Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast, being two different federal subjects, share a number of local departments of federal executive agencies and courts, such as court of arbitration, police, FSB, postal service, drug enforcement administration, penitentiary service, federal registration service, and other federal services. The Revolution of 1905 began in Saint Petersburg and spread rapidly into the provinces. The city absorbed about 3 million people in the 1950s and grew to over 5 million in the 1980s. [110] The Konyushennaya Square served as a venue for the FIFA Fan Fest. Southern suburbs of the city feature former imperial residences, including Petergof, with majestic fountain cascades and parks, Tsarskoe Selo, with the baroque Catherine Palace and the neoclassical Alexander Palace, and Pavlovsk, which has a domed palace of Emperor Paul and one of Europe's largest English-style parks. TONS OF QUESTIONS! St Petersburg is one of the most visited cities in Russia, attracting tourists for many reasons. [citation needed]. Visit Tru by Hilton St. Petersburg Downtown Central Avenue at 1650 Central Ave., St. Petersburg, 33712. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 11 min, while 16.1% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. Quick Facts She is in her forties. In the winter, when the sea and lake surfaces are frozen and yachts and dinghies cannot be used, local people sail ice boats. Last Updated: Dec 10, 2020 See Article History. The city was founded by Tsar Peter the Great on 27 May 1703 on the site of a captured Swedish fortress, and was named after apostle Saint Peter. Ten per cent of the world's power turbines are made there at the LMZ, which built over two thousand turbines for power plants across the world. [26], The city was built by conscripted peasants from all over Russia; a number of Swedish prisoners of war were also involved in some years under the supervision of Alexander Menshikov. The small town of Nyen grew up around it. Jungle Prada was the site of a Tocobaga Indian village for over 600 years, and it is generally recognized as the 1528 landing place of Panfilo de Narvaez and Alvar Nunez Cabeza de Vaca. During the NHL lockout, stars Ilya Kovalchuk, Sergei Bobrovsky and Vladimir Tarasenko also played for the team. On the north it stretches westward along the shore for nearly 50 miles (80 km) to include Zelenogorsk. Before that, only pontoon bridges were allowed. Leading ballet dancers, such as Vaslav Nijinsky, Anna Pavlova, Rudolph Nureyev, Mikhail Baryshnikov, Galina Ulanova and Natalia Makarova, were principal stars of the Mariinsky ballet. In the early 2000s the city saw a wave of popularity of metalcore, rapcore, and emocore, and there are bands such as Amatory, Kirpichi, Psychea, Stigmata, Grenouer and Animal Jazz. Some of these structures, such as the Saint Petersburg Commodity and Stock Exchange have been recognised as town-planning errors.[90]. A referendum on reversing the renaming of Leningrad was held on 12 June 1991, with 54.86% of voters (with a turnout of 65%) supporting "Saint Petersburg". Eastward, Greater St. Petersburg stretches up the Neva River to Ivanovskoye. The cult comedy Irony of Fate[105] (also Ирония судьбы, или С лёгким паром!) In 1825, the suppressed Decembrist revolt against Nicholas I took place on the Senate Square in the city, a day after Nicholas assumed the throne. On 1 May 1945 Joseph Stalin, in his Supreme Commander Order No. However, it was not until 1850 that the first permanent bridge across the Neva, Annunciation Bridge, was allowed to open. Mravinsky's term as artistic director of the Leningrad Philharmonic—a term that is possibly the longest of any conductor with any orchestra in modern times—led the orchestra from a little-known provincial ensemble to one of the world's most highly regarded orchestras, especially for the performance of Russian music. The largest lake is Sestroretsky Razliv in the north, followed by Lakhtinsky Razliv, Suzdal Lakes and other smaller lakes.

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